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Instrument Flying Handbook
Human Factors

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Instrument Flying


Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Human Factors
Chapter 2. Aerodynamic Factors
Chapter 3. Flight Instruments
Chapter 4. Section I
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 4. Section II
Airplane Attitude Instrument
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 5. Section I
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using Analog Instrumentation
Chapter 5. Section II
Airplane Basic
Flight Maneuvers
Using an Electronic Flight

Chapter 6. Helicopter
Attitude Instrument Flying

Chapter 7. Navigation Systems
Chapter 8. The National
Airspace System

Chapter 9. The Air Traffic
Control System

Chapter 10. IFR Flight
Chapter 11. Emergency















Human factors is a broad field that examines the interaction
between people, machines, and the environment for the
purpose of improving performance and reducing errors. As
aircraft became more reliable and less prone to mechanical
failure, the percentage of accidents related to human factors
increased. Some aspect of human factors now accounts for
over 80% of all accidents. pilots who have a good
understanding of human factors are better equipped to plan
and execute a safe and uneventful flight.

Flying in instrument meteorological conditions (IMC) can
result in sensations that are misleading to the body's sensory
system. A safe pilot needs to understand these sensations and
effectively counteract them. Instrument flying requires a pilot
to make decisions using all available resources.

The elements of human factors covered in this chapter
include sensory systems used for orientation, illusions in
flight, physiological and psychological factors, medical
factors, aeronautical decision-making, and crew resource
management (CRM).